Primary or Secondary Source?
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- have the following parts Abstract, Literature Review, Introduction, Methodology, Results, Discussion and Conclusion
- will show charts, graphs, and/or tables in the search results list in some databases
- often the word "study" is included in the article title (but NOT ALWAYS)
- written by and for experts or professionals(nurses, doctors, professors, teachers, radiology technicians, etc.) in a particular career field
- often have the word "Journal" in their title
- often contain charts, graphs, and statistics *NOTE: This usually indicates the article is a primary/empirical research study.
- often have a table of contents on the front cover
- look "boring" in comparison to a popular magazine cover
Articles from academic, scholarly, or peer reviewed journals all::
- have a more complex writing style
- are usually longer than 8 pages
- have citations that include a volume and issue number
- exist to inform other experts and researchers what is happening in their particular field of study
- can be (but are not ALWAYS) primary research studies which will contain the following parts: Abstract, Literature Review, Introduction, Methodology, Results, Discussion and Conclusion
When a library database, how do I know if an article is "peer reviewed"?
In our databases, this is easy. When you are searching for articles, the database provides an option ("limiter") to limit your search results to peer reviewed articles only. Sometimes, the record for the article will also tell you if an article is peer reviewed. Generally speaking, if the record states that the article is published in an academic journal, then the article is peer reviewed. If the word "journal" is part of the publication title (e.g. Journal of Pediatric Nursing), then all articles contained in that journal are likely peer reviewed.
periodical- any publication that is published on a daily, weekly, or month basis (a newspaper, magazine, or journal article).
article- a piece of writing in a newspaper, magazine, or other publication.
COLLEGE RESEARCH CONCEPTS
primary sources- original materials that provide firsthand records of events, experiments, creative works, or statistics